Publication Archive

In June of 2018, One Earth Future (OEF) decommissioned the Oceans Beyond Piracy program marking our departure from a specific focus on maritime piracy. However, OEF remains dedicated to improving governance mechanisms and undermining the drivers of conflict both at sea and ashore through its other programs and initiatives.

For maritime specific programming, see our Stable Seas and Secure Fisheries programs.

OBP Publication Archive

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9/16/16
The Power of Networks in Maritime Security

Understanding the Somali piracy crisis could make crossing the Mediterranean safer for refugees. Although the Mediterranean migration crisis is very different from maritime piracy, many of the same groups are impacted. The lessons of counter-piracy suggest that by...

Working PaperJens Vestergaard Madsen and Conor Seyle
7/1/10Hybrid Tribunals to Combat Regional Maritime Piracy: Guiding the Rule of Law Through the Rocks and Shoals

Maritime piracy continues to afflict the modern world. Basing their operations in places like Somalia, modern pirates have been able to launch attacks on ships traveling some of the world’s most trafficked waterways. The international community has created an interim...

Working PaperAndrew Lee
11/21/14
Underreporting of Crimes at Sea: Reasons, Consequences, and Potential Solutions

The increase in global maritime piracy, particularly in the Western Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden and in the Gulf of Guinea off West Africa, has developed into a serious threat to maritime shipping, demanding the attention of international organizations and states around...

Working PaperNoah D. Lombardo
9/1/10
Prosecuting Pirates and Upholding Human Rights Law: Taking Perspective

Incidents of piracy off the coast of Somalia have increased in recent years, rising by 47% between 2005 and 2009. With a growing number of states involved in the determent and disruption of attacks, there is a need to outline their human rights obligations when engaging...

Working PaperSaorise de Bont
8/1/10
Piracy Ransoms- Conflicting Perspectives

This paper presents both sides of the debate over whether States should allow payment of ransoms to pirates. United States Executive Order 13536 and other recent national and international legislation have brought increased awareness to this issue. This paper does not...

Working PaperCharles Marts
1/1/12
The Penalties for Piracy

The prosecution of Somali pirates has gone global. Today, ten nations on four continents have convicted Somalis who were involved in the epidemic of piracy and armed robbery at sea which began in 2008, and at least six other nations have cases pending. Any nation can...

Working PaperEugene Kontorovich
8/1/11
Borrowing from Civil Aviation Security: Does International Law Governing Airline Hijacking Offer Solutions to the Modern Maritime Piracy Epidemic of the Coast of Somalia?

Maritime piracy off the coast of Somalia continues to spiral into an increasingly threatening international crisis, with attacks in the Gulf of Aden increasing during the first half of 2011. While more states have been prosecuting pirates in their national courts during...

Working PaperRichard L. Kilpatrick Jr.
1/1/12
Introduction to Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSCs)

In 2011, the number of vessels transiting the Indian Ocean employing onboard private armed security teams increased dramatically, motivating Flag State governments, the shipping industry and international naval forces to address their usage. In order to help to clarify...

InfographicMaisie Pigeon
8/1/13
Community Mobilization and Criminal Organizations: Eyl, Somalia

Somali Pirates are organized criminal actors, who operate in a similar fashion to armed groups. In the town of Eyl, Somalia, a multi-stakeholder program - involving Clan elders, religious leaders, local businessmen, and the population, - used a strategy of community...

InfographicMatt Walje
7/1/13
Evolution of Piracy: Historical Piracy

Piracy has plagued the seas for at least 40 centuries, and been a thorn in the side of nearly every sea going civilization. Pirates have plied their trade as common thieves, instruments of war, or as civilizations in their own right. Most states throughout history have...

InfographicMatt Walje
4/29/14
West Africa Information Sharing

In response to the continued challenges of piracy and armed robbery in West Africa, a number of initiatives have been developed both regionally and internationally. Among the most prominent initiatives are the International Information Sharing Centers that are currently...

InfographicGregory Clough and Timothy Schommer

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